When cataloguing the incunabula in the collection of rare books bequeathed to King’s College by Jacob Bryant (1715-1804), I came across a curious and unusual device in a copy of Werner Rolevinck’s Fasciculus temporum, an overview of world history up until the time of the book’s publication (ca. 1490). The title page features two hand-drawn devices: the one at the centre depicts a black bull with horns and nose rings coloured in gold:
This emblem appears to have puzzled the staff in King’s Library for over a century. Stuck to the flyleaf opposite the title page is a letter of 3 June 1912 addressed to Arthur Richard Benten, then under-librarian at King’s, by Beckwith A. Spencer of the Royal College of Art. In it, he states that he was unable to identify these two devices despite enlisting the help of Albert van der Put of the National Art Library:
The same device also appears in two other incunabula bequeathed by Jacob Bryant: as an illumination inside the initial of the first page in Guido delle Colonne’s Historia destructionis Troiae (1486):
and as a tail-piece painted at the bottom of a4 verso in our copy of Robert Gaguin’s Compendium De origine et gestis Francorum (1497):
If anyone has any information that may help us identify this device and solve a century-old mystery, please do get in touch!
Dear Incunabula team,
Iâm attaching two draft (and not for publication) entries for the Cambridge Illuminations catalogue on XV.2.6 and XV.2.7. Nothing conclusive, but the Thomas Wrythe/Wriothesley connection may be worth pursuing? You will see that I wondered (in caps!) if the bullâs head was his armorial crest.
Please keep me posted!
Dr Suzanne Reynolds
Manuscripts and Printed Books
Cambridge CB2 1RB
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